Thursday, January 12, 2012

Personality (Chapter 10) Mind Map Overview

Yeah, the issue of personality appeals to everyone. But instead of just dwelling in our own self-discovery on some love compatibility test websites, the study of psychology also addresses the questions of the common human nature by predicting behaviour from personality traits. 

In short, this is the science of personality. Like a normal (and boring) scientific phenomena, psychologists seek to study, predict and theorize different behavioral outcomes.

There are 5 different theoretical views on personality; subdivided into 2 main categories: Dispositional Theory and Process Theory. See the pic on top lah.

1) The Personality Trait Theory, one which most of us are interested in, uses vernacular terms to describe a person like friendly, cheerful, smart or even bodoh macam kambing. To know which category you fall under, download the free online form here

I downloaded the Free Plain Language Personality Assessment File. 

Try it, it's fun! I'll share my results in the next post! :)

Sneak Preview of the test
The 'Big 5' on the other hand, claims that everyone falls into 5 main traits, each on a different continuum level. You know, it's just like the points that we've been allocated to distribute on a Sims character.

Sims 2 Personality Creator

2) Genetics of Personality. This is where the idiom like father like son originates from. Some of the foundational temperament are inherited down the family line. 

Think temperament as the sturdy, unmoving tree trunk or roots that blossomed from the soil. For example, I'm cheerful because I got it from my papa.

Traits are then the branches or leaves that sways in tandem with the wind or climate. This is what stood me apart from my dad. 

He's more sympathetic maybe because of his traditional Malay upbringing; uninfluenced by the competitive and demanding nature faced by the modern day young Singaporean adult.

3) Psychodynamic Personality Theory. This theory is developed by Sigmund Freud who views the human mind like an iceberg, consisting of the conscious, per-conscious and the unconscious level. The largest portion of the iceberg is concealed from view, store-housing all our impulse, wishes and inaccessible memories which influence our thoughts and behaviors.

This explains the personality of  Jigsaw from the movie SAW, who harbored too much violence an intent that he finds fulfillment for his victim's mires.

4) Humanistic Personality Theory. Unlike the Psychodynamic theory which takes on a relatively dark view of human nature, Humanism looks at human nature for a very positive perspectives (joy, laughter, love etc). 

The basic premises of Humanistic theory are developing our fullest potential as a human being - striving for meaning, challenge, productivity and excellence.

Just look at SpongeBob's optimistic, amicable and over-energetic demeanor as he strives to please everyone!

5) Social-Learning Theory. Albert Bandura believes that personality is a result of learning and development. 

Albert Bandura
His theory added a social element, arguing that people gathers new information by watching other people's behavior and consequences. Known as observational learning, this type of learning can be used to explain the good and bad habits acquired from a repertoire of different role models.

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